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2010 Design of Medical Devices Conference Abstracts

Periprosthetic Tissue Removal in Minimally Invasive Hip Refix Procedures OPEN ACCESS

[+] Author and Article Information
Gert Kraaij

Leiden University Medical Center

J. Med. Devices 4(2), 027513 (Aug 09, 2010) (1 page) doi:10.1115/1.3442760 History: Published August 09, 2010; Online August 09, 2010

Abstract

An alternative to conventional revision surgery of loosened hip prostheses is a new minimally invasive refixation procedure. This procedure requires the removal of periprosthetic fibrous tissue. The aim of this preliminary study is to evaluate which technique is most suitable for minimally invasive periprosthetic tissue removal: a Ho:YAG laser or a VAPR-2 coblation system. The clinical situation of a loosened prosthesis was simulated by several cadaveric femora, each implanted with a hip prosthesis. Artificially created periprosthetic lesions were filled with a fibrous tissue substitute. Using this fibrous tissue substitute, we measured temperatures in vitro at different distances from the site of removal. Temperatures during removal were recorded both inside the fibrous tissue and in the surrounding bone. This study demonstrated that temperatures generated in the bone do not result in thermal damage. Temperatures inside the fibrous tissue are sufficiently high to remove the fibrous tissue. Using the laser instead of the coblation system for the removal of fibrous tissue resulted in higher temperatures, thus, a faster removal of fibrous tissue. Additionally, the laser takes less effort to be integrated with the new surgical instrument and, therefore, we consider it a promising tool. However, when translating the results to clinical practice, the limitations of this study should be kept in mind. The equipment was set to typical presets; different settings (pulse frequency, pulse energy, and activated time) might affect the procedure’s success and risks. Care must be taken with respect to generated temperatures at larger distances from the place of removal. The use of the Ho:YAG laser, as well as VAPR coblation, might form a small risk for thermal damage to healthy surrounding tissues. Further research on apparatus settings and removal strategy is necessary before this technique can be applied for the removal of fibrous tissue in the clinical setting.

Copyright © 2010 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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