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2010 Design of Medical Devices Conference Abstracts

Enhancing Video Capsule Endoscopy: Location and Bleeding Detection OPEN ACCESS

[+] Author and Article Information
Yurika Inoue, Amir Sabet Sarvestani, Jonathan Yap, Douglas L. Yeung

 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

J. Med. Devices 4(2), 027525 (Aug 10, 2010) (1 page) doi:10.1115/1.3443260 History: Published August 10, 2010

Abstract

Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is a method used to wirelessly scan the gastrointestinal (GI) tract lumen. Despite the effectiveness of VCE in GI endoscopic procedures, VCE is limited because it lacks the capability to exactly locate itself as well as accurately detect bleeding or clotting within the GI tract. The unreliability of localization combined with inaccurate blood detection in VCE ultimately leads to wired endoscopy for additional diagnosis. In this paper, a method to address localization of the VCE device, also known as a pill camera or capsule, in conjunction with an accurate detection of active bleeding and clotting inside the small intestine, is introduced. The Texas Instruments, ZigBee® kit, which uses a 3D trilateration method will be used for accurate location detection and image transmission throughout the VCE procedure. The system will be interfaced with software providing end users with the path and total distance traveled by the pill capsule within the small intestine. The blood detection system is enhanced by using a minilow energy wireless Raman spectrometry to scan for active bleeding or clots along the small intestinal wall. The employed spectrometry method scans for wavelengths based on blood’s optical characteristics and records any image fitting the exact spectrum. Blood detection and localization data are coupled together and then transferred to an external receiver. These two improvements together will enhance capsule endoscopy procedures and fill the gap created by the existing capsule endoscopy technologies, therefore, meeting the needs of physicians and patients.

Copyright © 2010 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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