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2011 Design of Medical Devices Conference Abstracts

Design of a Motion Compensated Tissue Resection Catheter for Beating Heart Cardiac Surgery OPEN ACCESS

[+] Author and Article Information
Samuel B. Kesner, Robert D. Howe

Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

J. Med. Devices 5(2), 027523 (Jun 13, 2011) (1 page) doi:10.1115/1.3590649 History: Published June 13, 2011; Online June 13, 2011
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Cardiac catheters allow clinicians to minimally invasively interact with the beating heart without stopping the heart or opening the chest. However, the fast motion of the intracardiac structures makes it difficult to modify and repair the tissue in a controlled and safe manner. To enable surgical procedures on the inside of the beating heart, we have developed an ultrasound-guided catheter system that virtually freezes the heart by compensating for the fast cardiac motions. The device presented in this paper is a resection tool that allows the catheter system to cut moving tissue, a key surgical task required for many intracardiac procedures including valve and leaflet repair. The motion tracking system is demonstrated in vivo and the tissue resection tool is evaluated by resecting tissue mounted on a cardiac motion simulator. The motion compensated catheter is shown to greatly improve the resection cut quality on the moving tissue target while reducing the forces experienced by the tissue by almost 80%.

Copyright © 2011 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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