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Technical Briefs

Upper Limb Cycle Ergometer for Supine Exercise

[+] Author and Article Information
Eric Nickel, Steve Morin

Minneapolis VA Health Care System,
Minneapolis, MN

Andrew Hansen

Minneapolis VA Health Care System,
Minneapolis, MN;
Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation,
University of Minnesota

Gary Goldish

Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation,
University of Minnesota

Stuart Fairhurst

Minneapolis VA Health Care System,
Minneapolis, MN;
Department of Electrical Engineering,
University of Minnesota;
Department of Biomedical Engineering,
University of Minnesota

Manuscript received March 15, 2013; final manuscript received April 24, 2013; published online June 5, 2013. Editor: Arthur G. Erdman.

J. Med. Devices 7(2), 020910 (Jun 05, 2013) (2 pages) Paper No: MED-13-1045; doi: 10.1115/1.4024325 History: Received March 15, 2013; Revised April 24, 2013

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References

Halar, E. M., and Bell, K. R., 2005, “Immobility and Inactivity: Physiological and Functional Changes, Prevention: Treatment.” In J. A.DeLisa, et al. ., eds., Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: Principles and Practice, 4th ed., Vol. 2, pp. 1447–1467. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Germain, P., Guell, A., and Marini, J. F., 1995, “Muscle Strength During Bedrest With and Without Muscle Exercise as a Countermeasure.” Eur. J. Appl. Physiol., 71, pp. 342–348. [CrossRef]
Bamman, M. M., Clarke, M. S. F., Feeback, D. L., Talmadge, R. J., Stevens, B. R., Lieberman, S. A., and Greenisen, M. C., 1998, “Impact of Resistance Exercise During Bed Rest on Skeletal Muscle Sarcopenia and Myosin Isoform Distribution.” J. Appl. Physiol., 84, pp. 157–163. [PubMed]
Greenleaf, J. E., Bernauer, E. M., Ertl, A. C., Bulbulian, R., and Bond, M., 1994, “Isokinetic Strength and Endurance During 30-day 6 deg Head-Down Bed Rest With Isotonic and Isokinetic Exercise Training.” Aviat. Space Environ. Med., 65, pp. 45–50. [PubMed]
Ferrando, A., Tipton, K., Bamman, M., and Wolfe, R., 1997, “Resistance Exercise Maintains Skeletal Muscle Protein Synthesis During Bed Rest.” J. Appl. Physiol., 82, pp. 807–810. [PubMed]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Prototype with safety guards removed to show internal components

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

(Left) Upper limb cycle ergometer for supine exercise. (Middle) Device being used in the supine position. (Right) User accessing the monitor to change the pedaling resistance.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Safety switches were added to the bottom surface of the crank guard, shown in the normal crank position (left) and at the position where the motor is interrupted (right)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Upper limb cycle ergometer being used in a wheelchair (left) and in a standing frame (right)

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