Technical Briefs

Portable Laparoscopic Training System Using Virtual Reality

[+] Author and Article Information
Carl A. Nelson

Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering,
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Ka-Chun Siu

School of Allied Health Professions,
University of Nebraska Medical Center

Manuscript received March 15, 2013; final manuscript received April 25, 2013; published online June 12, 2013. Editor: Arthur G. Erdman.

J. Med. Devices 7(2), 020922 (Jun 12, 2013) (2 pages) Paper No: MED-13-1079; doi: 10.1115/1.4024330 History: Received March 15, 2013; Revised April 25, 2013

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Rattner, D. W., Apelgren, K. N., and Eubanks, W. S., 2001, “The Need for Training Opportunities in Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery,” Surgical Endoscopy, 15, pp. 1066–1070. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Munz, Y., Almoudaris, A. M., Moorthy, K., Dosis, A., Liddle, A. D., and Darzi, A. W., 2007, “Curriculum-Based Solo Virtual Reality Training for Laparoscopic Intracorporeal Knot Tying: Objective Assessment of the Transfer of Skill From Virtual Reality to Reality,” Am. J. Surg., 193, pp. 774–783. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Matanhelia, M., 2008. “Endotrainer,” US patent application 2008/0062299 A1.
Ben-Ur, E., 1997. Development of a Force-Feedback Laparoscopic Surgery Simulator, MIT, BS thesis.
Rosen, J., Brown, J. D., Chang, L., Barreca, M., Sinanan, M., and Hannaford, B., 2002, “The BlueDRAGON—A System for Measuring the Kinematics and the Dynamics of Minimally Invasive Surgical Tools In-Vivo.” Proc. 2002 IEEE International Conference on Robotics & Automation, Washington, DC, USA, May 11–15, 2002.
Psota, E., Strabala, K., Dumpert, J., Pérez, L. C., Farritor, S., Oleynikov, D., 2011, “Stereo Image-Based Arm Tracking for In Vivo Surgical Robotics,” Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 163, pp. 454–60. [PubMed]
Oleynikov, D., 2012, Personal communication, September 2012.


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Tool workspace layout (typical port spacing shown)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Camera coverage of the tool workspace (typical port spacing shown)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Stowed configuration

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Gimbal joint assembly.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Prototype of laparoscopic training system with cameras (extreme port spacing); inset shows markers for tracking




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