Technical Briefs

Epidural Simulation for Patients of Various BMI and Body Shapes

[+] Author and Article Information
Venketesh N. Dubey

School of Design, Engineering and Computing,
Bournemouth University,

Richard Isaacs

Poole Hospital NHS Foundation Trust,

Manuscript received March 15, 2013; final manuscript received April 26, 2013; published online July 3, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Arthur G. Erdman.

J. Med. Devices 7(3), 030924 (Jul 03, 2013) (3 pages) Paper No: MED-13-1082; doi: 10.1115/1.4024491 History: Received March 15, 2013; Revised April 26, 2013

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Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Simulation , Shapes
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Ogden, C. L., Fryar, C. D., Carroll, N. D., and Flegal, K. M., 2004, “Mean Body Weight, Height and Body Mass Index, United States 1960–2002,” Advance Data From Vital and Health Statistics, p. 347.
Bray, G. A., Jablonski, K. A., and Fujimoto, W. Y., 2008, “Relation of Central Adiposity and Body Mass Index to the Development of Diabetes in the Diabetes Prevention Program,” Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 87, pp. 1212–1218. [PubMed]
Heymsfield, S. B., and Martin-Nguyen, A., 2008, “Body Circumferences: Clinical Implications Emerging From a New Geometric Model,” Nutrition & Metabolism, 5(24).
Martarelli, D., Martarelli, B., and Pompei, P., 2008, “Body Composition Obtained From the Body Mass Index An Italian Study,” Eur. J. Nutr., 47, pp. 409–416. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data. Hyattsville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes.htm.


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Fig. 6

Simulated BMIs of 22, 35 and 3rd trimester pregnancy

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Fig. 5

Accuracy of body shape prediction compared to data

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Fig. 4

Epidural simulator for patients of various body shape

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Fig. 3

Simulated body shapes: banana, pear, hourglass, apple

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Fig. 2

Arm circumference proportional to body volume

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Fig. 1

Patient of average size and screen for entering data




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