Technical Brief

Automatic Instrument Tracking Endo-Illuminator for Intra-Ocular Surgeries1

[+] Author and Article Information
Ke Cao, Ramiro Pinon, Shorya Awtar

Mechanical Engineering,
2028 George G. Brown Laboratory,
2350 Hayward,
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2125

Ira Schachar, Thiran Jayasundera

Kellogg Eye Center,
University of Michigan,
Ann Arbor, MI 48109

Accepted and presented at the Design of Medical Devices Conference (DMD2014), Minneapolis, MN, April 7–10, 2014. DOI: 10.1115/1.4027077

2Corresponding author.

Manuscript received February 21, 2014; final manuscript received March 3, 2014; published online July 21, 2014. Editor: Arthur G. Erdman.

J. Med. Devices 8(3), 030932 (Jul 21, 2014) (3 pages) Paper No: MED-14-1083; doi: 10.1115/1.4027077 History: Received February 21, 2014; Revised March 03, 2014

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Rizzo, S., Patelli, F., and Chow, D. R., 2008, Vitreo-Retinal Surgery: Progress III, Springer, Berlin.
Witmer, M. T., and Chan, P., 2012, “Chandelier Lighting During Vitreoretinal Surgery,” Retina Today, 7, pp. 35–37.
Briner, H. R., Simmen, D., and Jones, N., 2005, “Endoscopic Sinus Surgery: Advantages of the Bimanual Technique,” Am. J. Rhinol., 19(3), pp. 269–273. [PubMed]
Schachar, I.2013, “Instrument Tracking Endo-Illuminator for Vitreoretinal Surgery,” Provisional Patent Application 7935-3087-1.
Tsirbas, A., Mango, C., and Dutson, E., 2007, “Robotic Ocular Surgery,” Br. J. Ophthalmol., 91(1), pp. 18–21. [CrossRef] [PubMed]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

(a) Vitreous cutter tip: original RGB and (b) hue-value image

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Flexible SMA actuated end

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Technology solution overview

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Vitreoretinal surgery

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Maximum end bending



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