Technical Brief

Printing Strain Gauges on Surgical Instruments for Force Measurement1

[+] Author and Article Information
Frank L. Hammond, Michael J. Smith, Robert J. Wood

School of Engineering and Applied Sciences,
Harvard University,
Pierce Hall,
29 Oxford Street,
Cambridge, MA 02138

Accepted and presented at the Design of Medical Devices Conference (DMD2014), Minneapolis, MN, April 7–10, 2014. DOI: 10.1115/1.4027080

Manuscript received February 21, 2014; final manuscript received March 3, 2014; published online July 21, 2014. Editor: Arthur G. Erdman.

J. Med. Devices 8(3), 030935 (Jul 21, 2014) (2 pages) Paper No: MED-14-1086; doi: 10.1115/1.4027080 History: Received February 21, 2014; Revised March 03, 2014

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Park, Y.-L.Elayaperumal, S., Ryu, S., Daniel, B., Black, R. J., Moslehi, B., and Cutkosky, M. R.2009, “MRI-Compatible Haptics: Strain Sensing for Real-Time Estimation of Three Dimensional Needle Deflection in MRI Environments,” 17th Scientific Meeting and Exhibition of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (ISMRM), Honolulu, HI, April 18–24.
Hammond, F., Kramer, R., Wan, Q., Howe, R., and Wood, R., 2012, “Soft Tactile Sensors for Micromanipulation,” IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robotics and Systems (IROS), Vilamoura, Portugal, October 7–12, pp. 25–32. [CrossRef]
Rebello, K., 2004, “Applications of MEMS in Surgery,” Proc. IEEE, 92(1), pp. 43–55. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Conceptual illustration of a strain gauge printed on the surface of stainless steel forceps for pinch force feedback

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Fig. 2

Illustration of strain gauge printing process steps

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Fig. 3

Prototype of a strain gauge and bridge circuit components printed on an aluminum bar

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Fig. 4

Strain gauge output under cantilever loading



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