Technical Brief

Medical Simulators for Developing Countries Via Low-Cost Two-Dimensional Position Tracking1

[+] Author and Article Information
Robin Walz, Zachary Meier, Michael Winek, Timothy M. Kowalewski

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Minnesota,
111 Church Street SE,
Minneapolis, MN 55455

Accepted and presented at the Design of Medical Devices Conference (DMD2014), Minneapolis, MN, April 7–10, 2014. DOI: 10.1115/1.4027116

Manuscript received February 21, 2014; final manuscript received March 3, 2014; published online July 21, 2014. Editor: Arthur G. Erdman.

J. Med. Devices 8(3), 030949 (Jul 21, 2014) (3 pages) Paper No: MED-14-1123; doi: 10.1115/1.4027116 History: Received February 21, 2014; Revised March 03, 2014

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview
Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


WHO, 2012, “Maternal Mortality,” World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
Kunkler, K., 2006, “The Role of Medical Simulation: An Overview,” Int. J. Med. Rob. Comput. Assist. Surg., 2(3), pp. 203–210. [CrossRef]
Simulab Corporation, 2014, www.simulab.com
Azwar, E., and Hakkarainen, M., 2012, “Tuning the Mechanical Properties of Tapioca Starch by Plasticizers, Inorganic Fillers and Agrowaste-Based Fillers,” ISRN Polymer Science, 2012, p. 463298. [CrossRef]
Gaspar, M., Benko, Z., Dogossy, G., Reczey, K., and Czigany, T., 2005, “Reducing Water Absorption in Compostable Starch-Based Plastics,” Poly. Degrad. Stab., 90(3), pp. 563–569. [CrossRef]
Yunos, M. Z. B., and Rahman, W. A. W. A., 2011, “Effect of Glycerol on Performance Rice Straw/Starch Based Polymer,” J. Appl. Sci., 11(13), pp. 2456–2459. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

(top) Simulation results for spatial voltage distribution on two permutations of voltage input; and (bottom) corresponding data (dots) and extrapolation (color map) from silicone + graphite polymer sheet

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Schematic of the four-point probe for a single permutation of switching pad voltage schemes (left) and method of testing voltage to grid of finite spacing (right)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

(a) Low-cost simulator concept: re-usable, flexible bioplastic insert on mannequin tracks incision accuracy in C-section trainer. (b) Silicone and graphite plastic tracking tool position in 2D during incision test.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Bioplastic samples (left to right: gelatine (wet), gelatine (dry), starch (top) and fautex (bottom), fautex, and fautex with graphite powder)



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In