Special Section Technical Briefs

Fontan Circulatory Assist Device1

[+] Author and Article Information
Choon-Sik Jhun, Raymond Newswanger, Joshua P. Cysyk, Megan Stauffer

Department of Surgery,
College of Medicine,
Penn State University,
State College, PA 16801

William Weiss, Gerson Rosenberg

Department of Surgery,
College of Medicine,
Penn State University,
State College, PA 16801;
Department of Biomedical Engineering,
College of Engineering,
Penn State University,
State College, PA 16801

Accepted and presented at The Design of Medical Devices Conference (DMD2015), April 13-16, 2015, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Manuscript received March 3, 2015; final manuscript received March 16, 2015; published online April 24, 2015. Editor: Arthur Erdman.

J. Med. Devices 9(2), 020924 (Jun 01, 2015) (3 pages) Paper No: MED-15-1117; doi: 10.1115/1.4030136 History: Received March 03, 2015; Revised March 16, 2015; Online April 24, 2015

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d'Udekem, Y., Iyengar, A. J., Cochrane, A. D., Grigg, L. E., Ramsay, J. M., Wheaton, G. R., Penny, D. J., and Brizard, C. P., 2007, “The Fontan Procedure: Contemporary Techniques Have Improved Long-Term Outcomes,” Circulation, 116(11 Suppl), pp. 1157–1164. http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/meeting_abstract/114/18_MeetingAbstracts/II_545-c
Pretre, R., Haussler, A., Bettex, D., and Genoni, M., 2008, “Right-Sided Univentricular Cardiac Assistance in a Failing Fontan Circulation,” Ann. Thorac. Surg., 86(3), pp. 1018–1020. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Boni, L., Sasaki, T., Ferrier, W. T., Yeung, J. T., Reichenbach, S. H., Riemer, R. K., and Reinhartz, O., 2012, “Challenges in Longer-Term Mechanical Support of Fontan Circulation in Sheep,” ASAIO J., 58(1), pp. 60–64. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Giridharan, G. A., Koenig, S. C., Kennington, J., Sobieski, M. A., Chen, J., Frankel, S. H., and Rodefeld, M. D., 2013, “Performance Evaluation of a Pediatric Viscous Impeller Pump for Fontan Cavopulmonary Assist,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg., 145(1), pp. 249–257. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Throckmorton, A. L., Ballman, K. K., Myers, C. D., Frankel, S. H., Brown, J. W., and Rodefeld, M. D., 2008, “Performance of a 3-Bladed Propeller Pump to Provide Cavopulmonary Assist in the Failing Fontan Circulation,” Ann. Thorac. Surg., 86(4), pp. 1343–1347. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Medvitz, R. B., Boger, D. A., Izraelev, V., Rosenberg, G., and Paterson, E. G., 2011, “Computational Fluid Dynamics Design and Analysis of a Passively Suspended Tesla Pump Left Ventricular Assist Device,” Artif. Organs, 35(5), pp. 522–533. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Whitehead, K. K., Sundareswaran, K. S., Parks, W. J., Harris, M. A., Yoganathan, A. P., and Fogel, M. A., 2009, “Blood Flow Distribution in a Large Series of Patients Having the Fontan Operation: A Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Velocity Mapping Study,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg., 138(1), pp. 96–102. [CrossRef] [PubMed]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Prototype FCAD pump with 11-disk rotor; cross section (a) and components (b)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Mock circulatory loop testing (a), surgical configuration of the FCAD (b)

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Fig. 3

A comparison of computational and experimental results for the prototype FCAD: (a) 11-disk rotor and (b) three-disk rotor

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Fig. 4

Forward pressure drop measured with the motor stopped



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