Special Section Technical Briefs

Design of Neurorehabilitation Device and Program for Stroke Patients Under Electrical Stimulation Assisted Cycling Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy1

[+] Author and Article Information
Chao-Chen Lo, Jia-Jin Jason Chen

Department of Biomedical Engineering,
National Cheng Kung University,
Tainan 701, Taiwan

Accepted and presented at The Design of Medical Devices Conference (DMD2015), April 13–16, 2015, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Manuscript received March 3, 2015; final manuscript received March 17, 2015; published online July 16, 2015. Editor: Arthur Erdman.

J. Med. Devices 9(3), 030916 (Sep 01, 2015) (2 pages) Paper No: MED-15-1072; doi: 10.1115/1.4030552 History: Received March 03, 2015; Revised March 17, 2015; Online July 16, 2015

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Chen, H. Y., Chen, S. C., Chen, J. J., Fu, L. L., and Wang, Y. L., 2005, “Kinesiological and Kinematical Analysis for Stroke Subjects With Asymmetrical Cycling Movement Patterns,” J. Electromyogr. Kinesiol., 15(6), pp. 587–595. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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Szecsi, J., Krewer, C., Muller, F., and Straube, A., 2008, “Functional Electrical Stimulation Assisted Cycling of Patients With Subacute Stroke: Kinetic and Kinematic Analysis,” Clin. Biomech.23(8), pp. 1086–1094. [CrossRef]
Koessler, L., Maillard, L., Benhadid, A., Vignal, J. P., Felblinger, J., Vespignani, H., and Braun, M., 2009, “Automated Cortical Projection of EEG Sensors: Anatomical Correlation Via the International 10-10 System,” Neuroimage, 46(1), pp. 64–72. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Lin, P. Y., Lin, S. I., and Chen, J. J., 2012, “Functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy Study of Age-Related Difference in Cortical Activation Patterns During Cycling With Speed Feedback,” IEEE Trans. Neural Syst. Rehabil. Eng., 20(1), pp. 78–84. [CrossRef] [PubMed]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Representative cortical mapping of stroke patients with left brain lesion during active cycling based on the changes in HbO in (a) A_noES, (b) A_LES, and (c) A_HES

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Changes in HbO of total cortical activation in different electrical intensities during active cycling, *p < 0.05

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Representative cortical mapping of stroke patients with left brain lesion during passive cycling based on the changes in HbO in (a) P_noES, (b) P_LES, and (c) P_HES

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Changes in HbO of total cortical activation in different electrical intensities during passive cycling, *p < 0.05



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