Special Section Technical Briefs

Surgical Pillow Design by Optimal Head and Pillow Alignment1

[+] Author and Article Information
Robert Rizza, Zhiyuan Yang

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Milwaukee School of Engineering,
Milwaukee, WI 53202

XueCheng Liu, Channing Tassone

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery,
Medical College of Wisconsin,
Milwaukee, WI 53226

William Clarke

Department of Anesthesiology,
Medical College of Wisconsin,
Milwaukee, WI 53226

Accepted and presented at The Design of Medical Devices Conference (DMD2015), April 13–16, 2015, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Manuscript received March 3, 2015; final manuscript received March 17, 2015; published online July 16, 2015. Editor: Arthur Erdman.

J. Med. Devices 9(3), 030923 (Sep 01, 2015) (3 pages) Paper No: MED-15-1079; doi: 10.1115/1.4030557 History: Received March 03, 2015; Revised March 17, 2015; Online July 16, 2015

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Lyder, C. H., and Ayello, E. A., 2011, “Pressure Ulcers: A Patient Safety Issue,” Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses, NCBI, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD, Chap. 12. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2650/
Jackson, M. E., Verano, J. X., Fry, J. E., Rodriguez, A. P., and Russian, C., 2012, “Skin Preparation Process for the Prevention of Skin Breakdown in Patients Who Are Intubated and Treated With RotoProne,” Respir. Care, 57(2), pp. 311–314 [CrossRef]. [PubMed]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Scan of patient head. Arrows indicate outward normal at the cheeks, chin, and forehead regions.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Finite element model of the pillow with discrete forehead, cheeks, and chin regions. Wedges are shown for these regions.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Variation of the normal and shear stress in the pillow (forehead region) as the orientation of the force (head) is varied

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Variation of the right intersection for the forehead region as the orientation of the force angle is varied




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