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Technical Brief

Dynamic Weighted Bar for Upper Limb Rehabilitation

[+] Author and Article Information
Taylor C. Hornung

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
The Pennsylvania State University,
University Park, PA 16802
e-mail: tch5085@psu.edu

Stephen J. Piazza

Department of Kinesiology,
The Pennsylvania State University,
University Park, PA 16802
e-mail: piazza@psu.edu

Everett C. Hills

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,
The Pennsylvania State University,
Hershey, PA 17033
e-mail: ech14@psu.edu

Jason Z. Moore

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
The Pennsylvania State University,
University Park, PA 16802
e-mail: jzm14@psu.edu

Manuscript received October 5, 2015; final manuscript received March 6, 2016; published online August 5, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Venketesh Dubey.

J. Med. Devices 10(4), 044503 (Aug 05, 2016) (4 pages) Paper No: MED-15-1271; doi: 10.1115/1.4033451 History: Received October 05, 2015; Revised March 06, 2016

This paper explores the design of a dynamically weighted therapy bar, which can provide real-time quantitative performance information and adjustments during rehabilitation exercise. In contrast, typical therapy equipment is passive, offering no feedback to the patient or clinician. The dynamic weighted bar (DWB) was designed and fabricated containing an inertial sensor which tracks the orientation of the bar and adjusts the position of an internal weight accordingly, in turn providing a targeted force imbalance between the patient's two arms. Step input experiments were performed on the device while it was held in various stationary positions. The DWB was able to successfully function and transmit motion information. It was able to produce a center of mass shift of 101.6 mm, and a complete travel time between 0.96 s and 1.41 s over the entire length. The use of the DWB device can offer many benefits during rehabilitation including access to more quantitative information for clinicians as well as the potential for more personalized therapy programs.

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References

Figures

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Fig. 2

Diagram of controls endcap for DWB

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Fig. 3

Mapping (left) and diagram (right) of bar angle to target weight position for CG knob = 0.6, weight high mode (top), and weight low mode (bottom)

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Fig. 4

DWB clinician interface

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Fig. 5

DWB experiment fixture

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Fig. 6

Step input response of DWB for various bar pitch angles

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Fig. 7

Rise time of weight position based on pitch angle

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