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research-article

Control and Evaluation of a Motorized Attendant Wheelchair with Haptic Interface

[+] Author and Article Information
Oscar Chuy

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of West Florida, Pensacola, Florida 32514
ochuy@uwf.edu

Jonathan Herrero

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of West Florida, Pensacola, Florida 32514
jah119@students.uwf.edu

Asma Al-Selwadi

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of West Florida, Pensacola, Florida 32514
ama74@students.uwf.edu

Adam Mooers

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of West Florida, Pensacola, Florida 32514
acm50@students.uwf.edu

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4041336 History: Received October 21, 2017; Revised August 11, 2018

Abstract

Attendant wheelchairs provide a means to transport patients or mobility to people with walking disability. They can be attendant propelled, which are highly maneuverable in confined spaces, but offer no power assistance. Also, they can be electric powered with joystick control interface, which provide power assistance, but not as maneuverable as the attendant propelled wheelchair. With the objective of providing power assistance and having excellent maneuverability, this paper presents a motorized attendant wheelchair with haptic interface. Its control approach is based on virtual/desired dynamics, which is not the true dynamics of the wheelchair, but a mathematical model describing the motion behavior of a desired system. The desired dynamics takes the user's applied force/torque and yields desired velocities of the wheelchair. In the evaluation, tasks in confined spaces and require a lot of maneuvers were given and performed using the motorized wheelchair with haptic and joystick control interfaces. The results in terms of task completion times showed that motorized wheelchair with haptic significantly outperformed the motorized wheelchair with joystick interface. In addition, the performance of the motorized with haptic interface and attendant propelled wheelchairs were evaluated at two different loads. At heavy load, the task completion times of motorized wheelchair with haptic interface were comparable to the attendant propelled wheelchair.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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