Pneumatic conveying pipelines are widely employed in many industries to transport granular solids. Use of bends with various turning radii in these pipelines is mandatory and it is well known that the bends cause a loss of energy which results in an additional pressure drop. The pressure loss associated with various bends in pneumatic conveying pipelines was studied numerically. The numerical modeling results were validated against laboratory measurements, and parametric studies were performed to examine various factors that affect the pressure loss caused by bends in pneumatic conveying pipelines. Since the numerical results supply flow information at every location in the pipeline, the flow pattern and pressure field of air and pellet were resolved in detail to investigate the mechanism of the pressure loss in such systems.

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