Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is often associated with microstructural tissue damage in the brain, which results from its complex biomechanical behavior. Recent studies have shown that the deep white matter (WM) region of the human brain is susceptible to being damaged due to strain localization in that region. Motivated by these studies, in this paper, we propose a geometrically nonlinear dynamical reduced order model (ROM) to model and study the dynamics of the deep WM region of the human brain under coronal excitation. In this model, the brain hemispheres were modeled as lumped masses connected via viscoelastic links, resembling the geometry of the corpus callosum (CC). Employing system identification techniques, we determined the unknown parameters of the ROM, and ensured the accuracy of the ROM by comparing its response against the response of an advanced finite element (FE) model. Next, utilizing modal analysis techniques, we determined the energy distribution among the governing modes of vibration of the ROM and concluded that the demonstrated nonlinear behavior of the FE model might be predominantly due to the special geometry of the brain deep WM region. Furthermore, we observed that, for sufficiently high input energies, high frequency harmonics at approximately 45 Hz, were generated in the response of the CC, which, in turn, are associated with high-frequency oscillations of the CC. Such harmonics might potentially lead to strain localization in the CC. This work is a step toward understanding the brain dynamics during traumatic injury.

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