Velocity and pressure measurements are presented for a blade passage with and without leading edge contouring in a low speed linear cascade. The contouring is achieved through fillets placed at the junction of the leading edge and the endwall. Two fillet shapes, one with a linear streamwise cross-section (fillet 1) and the other with a parabolic cross-section (fillet 2), are examined. Measurements are taken at a constant Reynolds number of 233,000 based on the blade chord and the inlet velocity. Data presented at different axial planes include the pressure loss coefficient, axial vorticity, velocity vectors, and yaw and pitch angles. In the early stages of the development of the secondary flows, the fillets are seen to reduce the size and strength of the suction-side leg of the horseshoe vortex with associated reductions in the pressure loss coefficients and pitch angles. Further downstream, the total pressure loss coefficients and vorticity show that the fillets lift the passage vortex higher above the endwall and move it closer to the suction side in the passage. Near the trailing edge of the passage, the size and strength of the passage vortex is smaller with the fillets, and the corresponding reductions in pressure loss coefficients extend beyond the mid-span of the blade. While both fillets reduce pressure loss coefficients and vorticity, fillet 1 (linear fillet profile) appears to exhibit greater reductions in pressure loss coefficients and pitch angles.
Experimental Investigation of Secondary Flow Structure in a Blade Passage With and Without Leading Edge Fillets
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Mahmood, G. I., and Acharya, S. (June 8, 2006). "Experimental Investigation of Secondary Flow Structure in a Blade Passage With and Without Leading Edge Fillets." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. March 2007; 129(3): 253–262. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2427075
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